What are the potential outcomes of a deportation defense case?

a deportation defense case, there are several potential outcomes that can occur depending on the specific circumstances and the arguments presented by the defense. These outcomes can range from successfully avoiding deportation to being ordered to leave the country. Some of the potential outcomes include

Successful defense

If the defense is able to prove that the individual does not meet the criteria for deportation or that they qualify for relief under immigration laws, the case may result in a successful defense. This could lead to the individual being allowed to remain in the country legally.

Voluntary departure

In some cases, the defense may negotiate a voluntary departure agreement with the government. This allows the individual to leave the country voluntarily within a specified period of time, usually without any negative consequences or penalties. While it still involves leaving the country, it may be a more favorable outcome than being forcibly deported.

Adjustment of status

If the individual is eligible for adjustment of status, they may be able to change their immigration status from non-immigrant to immigrant, allowing them to remain in the country legally. This could be based on marriage to a U.S. citizen, employment sponsorship, or other qualifying factors.

Cancellation of removal

In certain cases, individuals who have been in the country for a specific period of time and meet other eligibility criteria may be able to apply for cancellation of removal. If granted, this would allow them to avoid deportation and obtain lawful permanent resident status.

Asylum or refugee status

If the defense can demonstrate that the individual has a well-founded fear of persecution in their home country based on race, religion, nationality, political opinion, or membership in a particular social group, they may be eligible for asylum or refugee status. This would allow them to remain in the country legally and eventually apply for permanent residency.

Temporary protected status

In some cases, individuals from countries experiencing armed conflict, natural disasters, or other extraordinary conditions may be granted temporary protected status. This allows them to stay in the country temporarily until conditions in their home country improve.

Deportation order

If the defense is unsuccessful, the immigration judge may issue a deportation order. This would require the individual to leave the country and may result in a bar on re-entry for a certain period of time.