What are the legal requirements for conducting HOA board meetings and elections?

legal requirements for conducting HOA board meetings and elections vary depending on the jurisdiction and the specific rules outlined in the HOA’s governing documents. However, there are some general guidelines that most HOAs must follow. It is important for HOA boards to familiarize themselves with the applicable laws and regulations in their area to ensure compliance.

Notice of Meetings

HOA boards are typically required to provide advance notice of board meetings to all homeowners. The notice should include the date, time, location, and agenda of the meeting. The notice period may vary, but it is usually between 48 hours to 14 days before the meeting. The notice should be sent via mail, email, or posted in a common area, as specified in the governing documents.


A quorum refers to the minimum number of board members or homeowners required to be present at a meeting to conduct official business. The quorum requirement is usually outlined in the governing documents and must be met for any decisions to be valid. If a quorum is not met, the meeting may need to be rescheduled.

Open Meetings

In many jurisdictions, HOA board meetings are required to be open to all homeowners. Homeowners should have the opportunity to attend, observe, and participate in the meetings, subject to any reasonable restrictions outlined in the governing documents. Closed or executive sessions may be allowed for certain confidential matters, such as legal issues or personnel matters.

Meeting Minutes

Accurate and detailed minutes should be taken during board meetings. The minutes should include the date, time, location, attendees, decisions made, and any actions taken. The minutes should be made available to homeowners upon request and may need to be approved by the board at a subsequent meeting.


HOA board elections must be conducted in accordance with the governing documents and any applicable state or local laws. The election process should be fair, transparent, and provide equal opportunity for all eligible homeowners to participate. This may include providing notice of the election, accepting nominations, and allowing homeowners to vote either in person or by proxy. The election results should be documented and communicated to the homeowners.

Proxy Voting

Some jurisdictions allow homeowners to vote by proxy, which means they can authorize another person to vote on their behalf. Proxy voting procedures should be clearly outlined in the governing documents and followed during elections. The HOA board should ensure that proxy votes are properly recorded and verified.

Candidate Eligibility

The eligibility criteria for serving on the HOA board should be clearly defined in the governing documents. This may include requirements such as being a homeowner in good standing, not having any conflicts of interest, or meeting certain qualifications. The board should verify the eligibility of candidates before including them on the ballot.