How long does it typically take to resolve a domestic violence case?

time it takes to resolve a domestic violence case can vary depending on several factors, including the complexity of the case, the jurisdiction, the availability of evidence, and the cooperation of the parties involved. However, on average, it can take several months to a year or more to resolve a domestic violence case.

Investigation and Arrest

The process typically begins with the reporting of the incident to law enforcement. Once a report is filed, the police will conduct an investigation, which may involve interviewing witnesses, collecting evidence, and documenting injuries. If there is sufficient evidence, the alleged perpetrator may be arrested.

Charging Decision

After the arrest, the case is usually forwarded to the prosecutor’s office. The prosecutor will review the evidence and determine whether to file charges against the accused. This decision can take a few weeks to a couple of months, depending on the workload of the prosecutor’s office and the complexity of the case.

Arraignment and Plea

If charges are filed, the accused will be arraigned, where they will enter a plea of guilty or not guilty. This typically occurs within a few weeks of the charging decision. If the accused pleads not guilty, the case will proceed to trial.

Pre-Trial Proceedings

Before the trial, there may be several pre-trial proceedings, including discovery, where both parties exchange evidence and information, and motions hearings, where the defense and prosecution argue legal issues. These proceedings can take several months, depending on the complexity of the case and the court’s schedule.


If the case goes to trial, it can take several days or weeks to complete, depending on the number of witnesses, the complexity of the evidence, and the court’s availability. During the trial, both sides present their case, and the judge or jury determines the guilt or innocence of the accused.


If the accused is found guilty or pleads guilty, the court will proceed to sentencing. This can involve a separate hearing where the judge considers various factors, such as the severity of the offense, the defendant’s criminal history, and any mitigating or aggravating circumstances. Sentencing can occur immediately after the trial or may be scheduled for a later date.


Once the trial and sentencing are complete, the case is considered resolved. However, it’s important to note that even after the resolution, there may be ongoing processes such as probation, counseling, or protective orders that can extend the overall duration of the case.